Published by: M. Umer Soomro, President, Soomra National Council - Pakistan

L-14 Sohni Chalet, SUPARCO Road, Off University Road,

Karachi-75280, Sindh, Pakistan.

P.O. Box 7851 Karachi 74400, Sindh Pakistan


Telephone: 92-21-4802315







First Edition: January 2003


Foreword by: Illahi Buksh Soomro, Former Speaker, National Assembly of Pakistan.


Total Pages: 248


Book Includes 70 Maps, 21 Charts and Tables and 654 Illustrations.



Expert's Opinion on Book

Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

Professor and Chair

Department of Anthropology

University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706 USA

This impressive volume on the Soomra Kingdom of Sindh is one of the most comprehensive studies undertaken on this important phase of cultural and political development in the northwestern subcontinent. M. H. Panhwar has done an excellent job of pulling together diverse sources and searching out obscure cultural and historical details. He has also complied one of the most exhaustive collections of detailed maps from all historical periods.  The numerous good quality photographs and drawings of architecture, plants, animals, people and many aspects of culture provide the reader with independent sources of information in addition to the explanatory text. The wide array of subject matter is highly commendable as many scholars overlook the key elements in cultural development, such as food ornament, language and education. The author provides numerous original and highly insightful interpretations on the subjects of geography, movements of people, political developments and symbolic meaning of various aspects of material culture. Perhaps the most refreshing feature of this book is the presentation of new data and new interpretations. Even though all scholars may not support some of the interpretations, the author has provided information that will allow the reader to come to their own decision about specific issues. This book has been written in such a manner that it is accessible to younger children who may not have all the academic training of scholars, At the same time the author gas included vast amounts of data that will be useful to the specialized reader. Finally, this volume fills a critical need for scholars and students wishing to study a poorly understood period of history and a vast array of material culture that will soon be lost in the face of modernization. My special congratulations to the author for providing the world this treasure of Sindhi culture.


Expert's Opinion on Book

Dr. (Professor) Louis Flam

Department of Anthropology

Leham College

The City University of New York


This latest book by M. H. Panhwar is an exceptional volume that belongs in every library, particularly those individuals with an interest in the history, archaeology, and anthropology of Sindh and South Asia. Panhwar has analyzed and synthesized a tremendous amount of data and put it all together with clarity and creative originality. Although the title states that the subject of the book is the Soomra Kingdom of Sindh, the book breadth goes far beyond that specific period, and so does the book's appeal. Such a fine collection of maps, charts, tables and illustrations, and text has not been available until this publication of Panhwar's book.


Almost all the maps are originals created by Panhwar from his vast first hand knowledge of the region and its history; this kind of resources is not available anywhere else in the literature on Sindh and South Asia. In addition, Panhwar makes the strongest case to date that Sindhi culture has its origins in the ancient culture of Mohen jo Daro and the Indus Civilization of third millennium B.B., a tradition that continues to the present day. This wide-ranging encyclopedia work also has an excelent Table of Contents and Index to help guide the reader through maps, charts, tables and illustrations found in the text. A reader cannot ask for m more complete and superb volume.


As anticipated by Illahi Buksh Soomro in his 'Foreword' to the book, all readers will look forward to M.H. Panhwar's next books, "An Illustrated Atlas of Sindh," and "An Illustrated History of Sindh.: In this present volume on the Soomro Kingdom, as well as in his former books, M. H. Panhwar has established himself not only as an accomplished engineer, but as a scholar or archeology, history, and anthropology. With the beautiful and heart-warming dedication of this book to his angelic wife Farzana, M. H. Panhwar also establishes himself as a poet.