Fruits Crops on Private Farms)
During the past 20 years we have been
working on introducing new fruits, nuts and industrial crops and have
succeeded in introducing commercially eleven new fruit crops namely: peaches,
nectarines, lychee, seedless grape fruits, apple, grapes, guava, fig, longan
and pomegranate of 25º-37’N near Tando Jam. These 11 fruit crops are now grown
commercially and marketed.
We introduced jojoba, jatropha and
buffalo gourd, three industrial crops in Sindh on our farm near Tando Jam many
years back. However these three crops suit desert area of Sindh better than
irrigated or water-logged areas and therefore they have not been expanded
commercially. We helped the government of the Punjab to introduce jojoba in
Cholistan in 1987/8
Before proceeding to introduce all
these crops, we collected more than 12,000 books and bulletins on all these
crops and prepared hand-books for growing them. When the plants or seeds were
imported and established the hand books were revised as per experience gained
and difficulties faced during the establishment. We have 21 such manuals ready
We initial experiments showed success,
we expanded the operations on commercial scale. In the year 2000 we are
producing all eleven fruit crops commercially and marketing them.
We have a number of varieties of guava
from Brazil, South Africa, Florida and Hawaii (USA), many of them are pink
inside and out-side and some of them are excellent for processing.
We have eleven varieties of peaches
and two of nectarines which suit climate of Sindh.
We have three varieties of apples
evolved in Israel for their climate, but they also suit climate of Sindh.
We have seven varieties of lychee of
which three are from our own breeding program and one from USA one from
Hawaii, and two common varieties of Pakistan. Our own breeding program has
produced one seedless lychee, one low-chill and one large size variety.
We have three varieties of longan.
We have introduced six varieties of
pomegranate from USA, Spain and Australia and two of our own selections.
propagation on farmers fields.
In brief except 3 varieties of lychee
and two of mango bred by us, the rest can be immediately grown on other
For the varieties of mango and lychee
bred by us, we have to register them under “Intellectual Property Rights”,
before we release them from our farm in 2001.
We propose to help farmers of Sindh to
grow these crops
We are in a position to train the
growers and their farm-managers to raise these crops commercially.
We have seven trained managers who are
graduates and post-graduates, in agriculture, agriculture engineering,
civil-engineering, economics and commerce. They handle different operations
like; plant propagation, transplanting, nutrition, irrigation,
plant-protection, harvesting, packaging and marketing and also training the
workers. These managers can train the growers and their staff. Limited
quantities of plants can also be supplied.
Of the mango fruit varieties grown, we
have nineteen cultivars, two of which are out of our own breeding program and
others are imported. The varieties are such that mango fruit can be harvested
from 1st May to 15th September and thus extending the
season of harvest over 4 ½ months.
We have four varieties of seedless
pink color grape fruits having pink juice. They would replace existing seeded
varieties of Pakistan, which are not acceptable for export.