Common varieties of the Pakistan, Dera Dun and Bengal are only two varieties in South-Asia. We have 5 other varieties including one seedless. They all produce fruit in 3rd year from planting if marcotted. Marcotts are produced from branches ¾ to 1 inches diameter and 1.0 meter tall and are 4 year old branches of tree. Common stooled plants are 1/16 to 1/8” diameter and 95% die in the first few years of planting. This is why lychee can not be expanded on large scale by farmers. Marcotted plants cost 5 times as much as stools, but success rate is 90%.
It is called little brother of lychee and is easy to grow. It fruits early in 5 years. It produces twice as much as lychee. Fruit is much sweeter and very popular in South East Asia. Seedling fruit in 5 years and marcotts in 2nd year.
Of 24 varieties tried by us the best are:
Sultanina (Golden colour for raisins, juice, wine and table).
Ruby Red seedless.
Black Monnuka seedless.
Flame seedless Red.
Perlette (Golden) similar to Sultanina but earlier by one month.
Muscat of Hamburg (Pink).
They can grow in whole Sindh.
We have 10 varieties of peaches of which 8 are melting and free-stone and other two are semi-clung. They suit Sindh’s climate the best and are harvested form 15th April to 15th May.
We have 4 varieties of apple, called Dorset Golden, Einshmer, Anna and Crab. Anna is self infertile and must be planted with 3 other varieties. They are golden yellow but Anna develops red blush at full maturity, Crab is fully red.
We have 4 varieties of seedless grape fruit, all having pink coloured juice, pink blush on skin and more than 65% juice which is not acidic. Local red blush varieties have 50-80 seeds in their 13 segments, their pulp sacks are pink, but juice is transparent like water and highly acidic. Their juice content is only 35%. Their per acre production is half of seedless varieties and per acre juice is 25% of seedless varieties.