Invitiation to press to taste new varieties of mango grapes etc.  

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In year 2002, he had exhibited some very early and very late varieties, the dates of harvest and other characteristics are given below:

Mr. M.H. Panhwar and his wife Farzana have been experimenting with new varieties of mangoes to extend harvest season from 1st May to 31st October, a period of 6 months. The popular variety Sindhri is available from 20th of May to 20th June. Chausa is available to Sindh from 20th of June to 5th July. The Punjab mangoes are available from 1st July to 31st July. Except Sindhri and Chausa non is exportable. Indian mango season is April to 31st July Panhwars’ have 3 varieties harvested from 1st to 31st May. They also have 6 varieties harvested from 1st July to 15th August. Of these are exportable having yellow or orange skin or yellow skin with red blush or total red.

They weigh 400-600 grams and ratio of seed to whole fruit is less than 10% i.e., seed is small, pulp is 75 to 80% of total weight. In taste they are much superior to local varieties “Sindhri” and “Chaunsa” and ripen in 10—15 days. They could be kept in refrigerator for 10-15 days. They are more juicy and sweeter, having good flavour and no oily smell. They do not have fibre. Two of them have shape like Sindhri and Chaunsa but are bigger but with red blush. The others are red or yellow, same size.

Presently they have no names but are called as under:



Called as

Harvesting date



Panhwar 1.

May 1

Orange skin with red blush, 350 gram, sweet fragnant.


Panhwar 2.

May 5

Yellow with slight red blush 350 grams.


Panhwar 19.

May 10

Yellow, 400-500 grams, yellow pulp.


Panhwar 12.

July 10

Orange with red blush 450-500 grams, 5 ½ x 4 x 3 ½.



July 10-15

Orange skin and pulp, juicy, 550 grams.


Panhwar “V”(RD1)

July 20

Yellow with red blush, subert, 500-550 grams.







July 31st

Long lopered, orange 8”x3”x2 ¾”, 500-550 grams.


Panhwar 8.

July 31

Yellow, red blush, pulp orange, 550 grams, very sweet juicy, good flavour, small stone.


Panhwar 13.

July 20

550-600 grams.


Panhwar “P”.

August 10

(1.5 - 2 kg), 8”x5”x3 ¾”, orange out side and inside, End August.


Panhwar “T”

August 15



Panhwar “S”.

August 25



Panhwar “U”.

September 1.



Panhwar “W”.

October 15



Mango exhibition concludes

(On July 16, 2002, Mr. M.H. Panhwar announced late eleven new mango varieties developed on his farm in the past 25 years and held an exhibition of them at his Karachi office. He has developed in all 17 varieties which are harvested from 15th April to 1st October. Below is report of “Financial Post, July 22, 2002)


KARACHI, July 21: Two-day exhibition of 15 varieties of mangoes of Dr. M.H. Panhwar Fruit Farms concluded. Two more varieties will be on display in September and October.

These mangoes have distinction in taste, size and harvesting time period besides high yield. One of the varieties weighs two Kgs while its seed weighs only 30 to 50 grams. The varieties displayed are harvested from 10th July to 15th August in Sindh, while in Punjab it would be harvested from 10th August to 15th September. There are also mango varieties developed at Panhwar Fruit Farm which could be harvested by 15th April to 10th May before any other varieties reach marketable sugar content.

Dr. M.H. Panhwar, a senior Scientist and recipient of Sitara-e-Imtiaz, has been working on the subject for last 25 years at his Fruit Farms, near Tando Jam. Dr. Panhwar, assisted by his highly competent and hardworking wife Madam Farzana, has selected 51 new varieties with different harvested time period.

Talking to APP on the conclusion of mango exhibition, Dr. M.H. Panhwar siad they also want new growers of Sindh to avoid mango glut of Sindhri and Chaunsa from 20th may to 10th of July in Sindh, and have varieties which are harvested from 10th July onward to the end of October. Punjab varieties come only from 1st July to 15th August, Dr. Panhwar claimed.

There is no longer international market for green skinned mango. Yellow varieties are acceptable in Far-East whereas Red varieties in Europe. Middle-East accepts both.

The varieties released by Panhwar Fruit Farms are both yellow and red, Mr. Panhwar said adding “Internationally accepted mangoes with more than 300 to 850 grams while we have varieties mostly in the range of 400-550 grams, but a few weighing 850-1000 and 1500 grams or some time more.

Some varieties on display got high feedback from the visitors selected from different walks of life. Such an exhibition was also arranged in Hyderabad on 16th and 17th of July. Madam Farzana said.

Mrs. Panhwar said they had also succeeded in growing peaches, grapes, apples, pomegranates and grape fruit at the fruit farms.

To a question, they said only limited quantity of their products reaches the local markets as they are mainly engaged in research and had little time for marketing, however they had given a sale contract to a contractor. “Our aim is to give new and better varieties to our growers,” the scientist couple said. - APP.


Assessment of eleven, late mid and late mango varieties exhibited on 16-20th July 2002 and based on opinions of journalist for year 2002.

Mango No.2.

Harvest date 31st July. Picked on 12th July was tangy, but singular or original unique good Desi mango taste, skin fully yellow, pulp while creamy and highly palatable. Seed large compared to other selections. Pulp recovery 70%.


Mango No.4.

Unripe even on 20th July. Recommended harvest date 15th to 20th August, but good taste, thick, skin and large seed, due to picking up early on 12th July and size did not catch-up. Picked in time it will prove how good it is? Watch in 2003.


Mango No.5.

Harvest date 15th August. Co9nsidered better than No.8, very good taste, very sweet. No.2 and No.5 liked by every visitor but No.5 is slightly fibrous, slightly astringent due to picking up earlier on 12th July. Two to three weeks delay in harvest will make it among very good mangoes. Size is big 350-400 grams.


Mango No.6.

Picking date about end July. Sweet very juicy, pulpy, size 350-450 grams and probably the best out of lot, considered better than No.2, 3, 5, 9 and 12 small seed. Some consider it as a the best mango.


Mango No.7.



Mango No.8.

Harvest 1st-7th August. Very small seed, yellow skin colour, very good taste. Even 12th July harvest gives it large size. Taste-wise than Nos. 2, 5, 6 and 12. Slightly fibrous, slightly acidic due to early harvest, banana mango taste, some fibre but not too much.


Mango No.9.

Proper harvest date 31st July to 7th August. Good to very good, slightly acidic due to early harvest on 12th July. Thin skin, sweet, juicy, soft, langra taste. Appears to be same as No.6 verify at site. Better than No.2  and 3 outside skin Greenish, but may turn yellow, pulp yellow, sweeter than No.2 and 3. In general good. Considered best by some visitors. It turns pink.


Mango No.10.

Harvest date 31st July to 7th August. Sweet, slightly, acidic, thick skin, juicy, big size, extremely good, pulpy, small seed, at proper harvest date better than No.12.


Mango No.11.

Harvest date 31st July to 7th August. Bed skin, juicy, best according to some newsmen, good flavour, good smell, sweet pinkish.


Mango No.12.

Harvest date 1st to 7th August. Fibrous, slightly sour due to harvest on 12th July, sweet similar taste as No.6, but No.6 is better.


Mango No.13.

Proper harvesting date 7th to 15th August. Slightly acidic, juicy, good quality, seed small, quality wise less than No.6 but juicy, red blush, yellow, very small seed, juicy.



n      Some think No.6 is better than No.9, others think No.9 is better than No.6.

n      Probably it is the same variety. If they are different, No.6 is the best followed by No.9.

n      As the date of harvest was not proper, assessment is not final, but it seems they have some merit.

Taste-wise than Nos. 2, 5, 6 and 12. Slightly fibrous, slightly acidic due to early harvest, banana x mango taste, some fibre but not too much.


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